Philippines - Stamps and Postal History

Japanese Occupation of the Philippines

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Japanese Occupation

1942 - 1944

 

Introduction

 

Stamps & FDCs

Postal Stationery

Souvenir Covers

 

Japanese Money

 

Articles of Interest

 

 

 

POSTAL STAMPS AND FIRST DAY COVERS

 

1942, March 4 - Provisional Issues

1942, May 18 - Fall of Bataan & Corregidor

1942, September 1 -  Filipina Surcharged (Provisional)

1942, September 1 - Postage Due

1942, November 12 - Food Production Semi-Postal

1942, December 8 - Greater East Asia War

 


1942, March 4.  Provisionals.  Unwatermarked.  Perf 11 x 10 1/2 (2c);  Perf 11 (16c).  Bureau of Printing, Manila (overprint).   100/sheet, 10 x 10 (2c);  50/sheet, 5 x 10 (16c).

 

 

2c - Rizal, apple-green, shades  (3,000,000).  Plate Nos.  145416, 145417.

  • Left half of top deleting bar omitted, causing UNITED STATES to be undeleted
  • Black deleting bars shifted to the left, causing either the "A" or the "CA" of AMERICA to be undeleted
  • Bottom deleting bar (for the "of the") narrower
  • Partial dry print of top deleting bar
  • Partial dry print of the bottom deleting bars

16c - Magellan's Landing, dark blue (160,000).  Plate Nos. 129937, F129937, 131521, F131521, 131567, 131568

  • Black deleting bars shifted upwards, causing COMMONWEALTH to be undeleted
  • Black deleting bars shifted downward causing UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and COMMONWEALTH to be undeleted

FDC - 2c, Manila, with Military Censor Mark and Black or Red Military Censor Seal

FDC - 2c and 16c, Manila, Registered, with Military Censor Mark, and Black or Red Military Censor Seal

Issued for the reopening of the postal service, single local rate of 2c; and, registration fee of 16c.

Stocks of the 2c Dr. Jose Rizal and 16c Magellan's Landing from the Commonwealth period were overprinted with black bars deleting the words "United States of America" and "Commonwealth of the".


1942, May 18.  Commemorative.  Overprint "Congratulations Fall of Bataan and Corregidor".  Unwatermarked.  Perf 11.  Bureau of Printing, Manila (overprint).  50/sheet, 5 x 10.

2c on 4c - Agriculture issue (Woman and Carabao statue), Yellow-Green, shades (100,000).  Plate Nos.  128587, 128588, 128588, 131541, 131542

  • RATAAN instead of BATAAN (Position 1)
  • Additional black dots ("Southern Cross" variety) (Position 37)
  • Elongated "T" on COMMONWEALTH (on the horizontal line of the letter T) (Position 30)

FDC - Manila, with Military Censor Mark

Issued to celebrate the capture of Bataan (April 9)  and Corregidor (May 6) from the American and Philippine Military Forces by the Japanese.

Stocks of the 4c Agriculture issue from the Commonwealth period were overprinted and surcharged.  Black deleting bar was used to obliterate "United States of America".


1942, September 1 Provisional.  Unwatermarked.  Perf 11.  Bureau of Printing, Manila (overprint).  64/sheet, 8 x 8.

5c on 6c - Filipina, Golden Brown, shades.

FIRST PRINTING - top deleting bar thicker and longer (1 1/2 x 23 mm) (200,000).  Plate Nos.  131563, 139333, F139333, 141035, F141035.

  • Undeleted COM and WE on COMMON-WEALTH
  • Undeleted CO and W on COMMON-WEALTH
  • Undeleted hyphen ( - ) after COMMON on COMMON-WEALTH
  • Partially undeleted COMMON on COMMON-WEALTH
  • Black dot inside the "5" of the surcharge
  • Partial dry print of black overprint

FDC - Manila, with Military Censor Mark

FDC - Manila with ERROR Military Censor Mark

FDC - Baguio with Military Censor Mark

FDC - Malolos with Military Censor Mark

SECOND PRINTING - top deleting bar thinner and shorter (1 x 21 mm) (800,000).  Plate No.  F131563, 139333, F139333, 141035

  • Undeleted hyphen ( - ) after COMMON of COMMON-WEALTH

Stocks of the 6c Filipina issue from the Commonwealth period were overprinted and surcharged.  Black deleting bars were used to obliterate "United States of America" and "Commonwealth of the".

Footnote:  Single local rate increased from 2c to 5c.


1942, September 1.  Provisional Postage Due (Double Bar).  Unwatermarked.  Perf 11.  100/sheet, 10 x 10.

3c on 4c - Postal Clerk, Brown Red (1,000)

When the domestic postal rate was increased from 2c to 5c, it was deemed necessary to issue postage due stamps.  The 1937 3c on 4c Postage Due issue of the Commonwealth period were hand-ruled with two bars with black India ink deleting UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.  Hand-drawn by postal employee Celestino Tupas under the supervision of Pedro Principe.  Earliest known cover is dated September 3, 1942.  Used up to October 14, 1942.  Collected on cover.


1942, October 13.  Postage Due (Single Bar).  Unwatermarked.  Perf 11.  Bureau of Printing, Manila (overprint).  100/sheet, 10 x 10.

3c on 4c - Postal Clerk, Brown Red (40,000).  Plate No.  113761

Regular postage due stamps were finally issued in the afternoon of October 13, 1942. The 1937 3c on 4c Postage Due issue were overprinted with a single bar deleting UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.  Sold as soon as the supply of the provisional DOUBLE BAR postage due stamps was exhausted.


1942, November 12.  Semi-Postal. Food Production Campaign.  Unwatermarked.  Perf 12.  Printed by Hydrographic and Geodetic Office, Manila.  100/sheet, 10 x 10.

2c + 1c - Woman and Agriculture, Pale Violet, shades (400,000)

  • Broken "neck" of woman
  • Broken "house"
  • Broken "skyline"

5c + 1c - Woman and Agriculture, Bright Green, shades (200,000)

  • Mis-aligned stamp vignette
  • Broken "O" on "FOR"
  • Malformed NE on PHILIPPINES
  • Battered frame lines on PHILIPPINES
  • Bright-green offset of gummed side

16c + 2c - Woman and Agriculture, Orange, shades (50,000)

  • Broken "c" on "16c"

FDC - Manila with Military Censor Mark (postmark date exists with either AM or PM).

First semi-postal stamps issue of the Philippines.  To promote food production and conservation, with surtax donated to the Red Cross Society.


1942, December 8.  Commemorative.  First Anniversary, Greater East Asia War.  Unwatermarked, Perf 11.  Bureau of Printing, Manila (overprint).  50/sheet, 5 x 10.

 

5c on 4c - Agriculture issue (Woman and Carabao statue), Yellow Green, shades  (400,000).  Plate Nos. 128587, 128588, 131541, 131542

  • Broken character on the Japanese inscription (Position 42)

FDC - Manila, with Manila Military Censor Mark

FDC - Baguio City with Baguio Military Censor Mark

 

FDC - Davao City with Davao Military Censor Mark

FDC - Iloilo City with Iloilo Military Censor Mark

FDC - Legaspi City with Legaspi Military Censor Mark

Stocks of the 4c Agriculture issue of 1935 were overprinted with Japanese characters which means "First Anniversary, Greater East Asia War", and the date "12-8-1942".  Black deleting bar was used to obliterate "United States of America".

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