Rizal - Singles (4,998,018)
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First Day Covers: Manila (Known
1948 Dr. Jose Rizal - National Hero -
52nd Anniversary of Martyrdom
Born June 19, 1861, Calamba;
Died December 30, 1896, Manila.
Patriot, Physician, Writer, an inspiration to the Philippine
Rizal was educated in Manila and University of
Madrid. He committed himself to the reform of Spanish rule in the
Philippines through writings during his stay in Europe from
Rizal published his first in novel in 1887, Noli
me tangere (The
a passionate exposure of the evils of Spanish rule in
the Philippines. He followed
it with El filibusterismo (The
Reign of Greed)
in 1891. He became the
leader of the Propaganda Movement, contributing numerous articles to
its newspaper, La Solidaridad, published
in Barcelona. Rizal’s political program included integration of the
Philippines as a province of Spain, representation in the Cortes
(the Spanish parliament), the replacement of Spanish friars by
Filipino priests, freedom of assembly and expression, and equality
of Filipinos and Spaniards before the law.
Rizal returned to the Philippines in 1892 and founded a
nonviolent-reform society, the Liga
Filipina, in Manila.
He was deported to Dapitan, Mindanao and
remained in exile for the next four years. In 1896 the Katipunan
Revolutionary Movement revolted against
Spain. Rizal was arrested
and tried for sedition by the
military, and publicly executed by a firing squad in Manila. His
martyrdom convinced Filipinos that there was no alternative to
independence from Spain. On the eve of his execution, while confined
in Fort Santiago, Rizal wrote “Último adiós” (“Last Farewell”), a
masterpiece of 19th-century Spanish verse.