Republic of the Philippines - Stamps & Postal History


RP Issues of 1948










1948, December 30.  Jose Rizal, National Hero - 52nd Anniversary of Martyrdom

Typographed.  Philippine Bureau of Printing (PBP).  Perf. 12

Singles, Sheets of 100



    2c  Jose Rizal - Singles (4,998,018)


Note:  Quantities shown has taken into considerations additional printings, minus surcharges & spoiled copies that were burned.


First Day Covers:  Manila  (Known printed cachets)




1948 Dr. Jose Rizal - National Hero - 52nd Anniversary of Martyrdom

Born June 19, 1861, Calamba;  Died December 30, 1896, Manila.  Patriot, Physician, Writer, an inspiration to the Philippine revolutionary movement.

Rizal was educated in Manila and University of Madrid. He committed himself to the reform of Spanish rule in the Philippines through writings during his stay in Europe from 1882-1892.

Rizal published his first in novel in 1887, Noli me tangere (The Social Cancer), a passionate exposure of the evils of Spanish rule in the Philippines.  He followed it with El filibusterismo (The Reign of Greed) in 1891.  He became the leader of the Propaganda Movement, contributing numerous articles to its newspaper, La Solidaridad, published in Barcelona. Rizal’s political program included integration of the Philippines as a province of Spain, representation in the Cortes (the Spanish parliament), the replacement of Spanish friars by Filipino priests, freedom of assembly and expression, and equality of Filipinos and Spaniards before the law.

Rizal returned to the Philippines in 1892 and founded a nonviolent-reform society, the Liga Filipina, in Manila.  He was deported to Dapitan, Mindanao and remained in exile for the next four years. In 1896 the Katipunan Revolutionary Movement revolted against Spain.  Rizal was arrested and tried for sedition by the military, and publicly executed by a firing squad in Manila. His martyrdom convinced Filipinos that there was no alternative to independence from Spain. On the eve of his execution, while confined in Fort Santiago, Rizal wrote “Último adiós” (“Last Farewell”), a masterpiece of 19th-century Spanish verse.



  • Famous Filipinos / Rizal


Articles by Dr. Ngo Tiong Tak


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Issues of 1946-1949