Republic of the Philippines - Stamps & Postal History


RP Issues of 1948










1948, July 15.  President Manuel A. Roxas - Mourning Issue

Engraved.  American Bank Note Company (ABNC).  Perf. 12

Singles, Sheets of 100



    2c  Manuel A. Roxas - Singles (1,500,000)

    4c  Manuel A. Roxas - Singles (1,000,000)


First Day Covers:  Manila + 17 Chartered Cities & Provincial Capitals  (Known printed cachets)


Manuel Acuña Roxas (1892 – 1948)

Fifth President of the Philippines who served from 1946 until his death in 1948.  He briefly served as the third and last President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from May 28, 1946 to July 4, 1946 and then became the first President of the independent Third Philippine Republic after the United States ceded its sovereignty over the Philippines.

Manuel Roxas' term as the President started on the morning of July 4, 1946, when the Third Republic of the Philippines was inaugurated and independence from the United States proclaimed. The occasion, attended by some 300,000 people, was marked by the simultaneous lowering of the American flag and raising of the Philippine National Flag, a 21-gun salute, and the ringing of church bells. Roxas then swore the Oath of Office as the first President of the new Republic.

The inaugural ceremonies took place at Luneta Park in Manila. On the Grandstand were around 3,000 dignitaries and guests, consisting of President Roxas, Vice-President Quirino, their respective parties and the Cabinet; the last High Commissioner to the Philippines and first Ambassador to the Philippines Paul McNutt; General Douglas MacArthur, United States Postmaster General Robert E. Hannegan; a delegation from the United States Congress led by Maryland Senator Millard Tydings (author of the Tydings–McDuffie Act) and Missouri Representative C. Jasper Bell (author of the Bell Trade Act); and former Civil Governor-General Francis Burton Harrison.

Roxas did not finish his full four-year term. On the morning of April 15, 1948, Roxas delivered a speech before the United States Thirteenth Air Force. After the speech, he felt dizzy and was brought to the residence of Major General E.L. Eubank at Clark Field, Pampanga. He died later that night of a heart attack.



  • Famous Filipinos / Presidents


Articles by Dr. Ngo Tiong Tak


Back to the Top



Issues of 1946-1949