Gerardo (Gerry) De Leon, Master Film Maker - Singles
17p Francisca Reyes Aquino, Folk Dance
Champion - Singles (50,000)
21p Pablo S. Antonio, Pioneer Philippine
Architecture - Singles (50,000)
22p Jose Garcia Villa, Consummate Poetry Artist -
Souvenir Sheets of One (12,500)
22p Honorata (Atang) De La Rama, Queen of Zarzuela
Design Coordinator: Antonio D.A. Claro
Layout Artist: Alfonso V. Divina
Graphic Artist: Edgar P. Patricio
Portraits of Gerardo De Leon and Francisco Aquino by Rafael del
Casal; Photographs of Pablo S. Antonio, Jose Garcia Villa and
Honorata de la Rama courtesy of the Cultural Center of the
First Day Covers: Manila
National Stamp Collecting Month -
Featuring Great Achievers in Philippine Art
GERARDO DE LEON (B. September 12, 1913, D. July 21,
Master Filmmaker. Gerry's first job
was as a piano player at Cine Moderno during the era of silent
movies. After finishing high school, he decided to become a doctor
and enrolled at the U.S.T. College of Medicine. For a few years he
concentrated on his studies; but the spell of the movies lured him.
He became a professional actor and scriptwriter. His first
directorial job came in 1939 via the movie, Ama't Anak. His biggest
pre-war hit was Ang Maestra, starring Rogelio de la Rosa and Rosa
del Rosario. De Leon went on to make over eighty movies from the
30's to the 70's. His last unfinished film was Juan de la Cruz
starring Fernando Poe, Jr. in 1976. He was named National Artist in
Film in 1982.
FRANCISCA REYES AQUINO (B.
March 7, 1899, D. November 19, 1983).
Champion of Folk Dance. In 1920,
Francisca finished her secondary education at the Manila High School
and in 1923 her HSTC at the U.P. She earned her BSE diploma the
following year and her MA two years later after working on her
thesis, "Philippine Dances and Games." On July 3, 1954, President
Ramon Magsaysay presented her with the Award of Merit (The Dance) in
Malacaņang. In 1962 she received the Ramon Magsaysay Award; being
the first Filipina to receive such honor. She was cited for
pioneering in the recording and research of native songs and
cultural dances that were handed down through the generations among
the ethnic groups in the country. She was named National Artist in
Dance in 1973.
PABLO S. ANTONIO
(B. January 25,1901, D. June 14, 1975).
Pioneer in Modern Philippine
Architecture. Young Pablo worked his way through night high school
as a draftsman at the Bureau of Public Works. Then he enrolled at
the Mapua Institute of Technology where he took up architecture. He
became a full-fledged architect in 1927.
His major works included the Far
Eastern University Administration and Science Buildings (1934-1951)
and the Manila Polo Club (1947). Antonio changed the landscape of
the City of Manila and other parts of the country with two towering
strengths: originality and integrity. He created buildings, houses,
and other structures with a common yet uncanny sensibility that had
withstood the test of time. He was named National Artist in
Architecture in 1974.
JOSE GARCIA VILLA (8. August
5,1912, D. February 7,1977).
Consummate Artist of Poetry. Jose
graduated from the U.P. High School and enrolled at the U.P. College
of Medicine in 1925. But he never finished his medical studies. His
first interest was painting but he turned to writing after reading
Sherwood Anderson's "Winesburg, Ohio". He studied at the University
of New Mexico and later at Columbia University. He taught poetry at
the City College of New York (1964-1973).
He also worked in the Philippine
Mission to the United Nations (1954-1963) and became vice-consul in
1965. In the art of poetry, which he perfected, he introduced the
reverse consonance rhyme scheme and the "comma poems" which glorify
the punctuation mark by poetic use. He was named National Artist in
Literature in 1972.
HONORATA DE LA RAMA (B. January 11, 1902, D. July
Queen of Zarzuela. At age seven, young
Atang was already being cast in Spanish zarzuelas as well as the
veladas, a literary musical program. In 1919, at age 14, she sang "Nabasag
ang Banga" in the zarzuela Dalagang Bukid, which she later starred
in the movie of the same title. Whence, she was the first female
actress in the very first Tagalog film produced by Jose Nepomuceno,
the "Father of Philippine Movies." The box-office provided proof
that she became the inspiration and lifeblood of the more than fifty
zarzuelas in which she starred. Atang did not perform only for a
living, she propagated and popularized the zarzuela and kundiman
because she believed that these two expressed the Filipino identity.
She was named National Artist in Theatre and Music in 1987.