2003, December 22 (17). Filipino Heritage Month - Architectural
Litho Offset. Amstar Company, Inc., Perf. 14
Se-tenant Blocks of 4, Miniature Sheets of 16; Souvenir Sheets
Se-tenant Blocks of Four (50,000)
El Hogar Filipino
Hong Kong Shanghai Bank
Miniature Sheets of Sixteen (3,125)
Souvenir Sheets of Four (12,500)
6p Pangasinan Provincial Capitol
6p Metropolitan Theater
6p (Uy-Chaco Building) Philtrust Bank Building
6p University of Manila
Emil V. Davocol
Ramon G. Orlina
Alfonso V. Divina
Buildings (photos provided by Ms. Bambi Harper of the Filipino
Heritage Festival Working Committee, Write up from Filipinas
First Day Covers: Manila
Filipino Heritage Month - Architectural
EI Hogar Filipino.
D. Antonio Melian established in 1910 a building society that issued
mortgages called "EI Hogar Filipino." Four years later, in 1904, the
four story building of the company, designed and constructed by
Irureta-Goyena, was inaugurated on the corner of Juan Luna in
Binondo facing the Pasig River. Designed with touches of the French
Beaux Arts style, it has an enriched entablature topped with an
attic story and a flat roof. It looks deceptively sedate until one
enters its discreet entranceway. The double door leads to a center
courtyard with balustraded corridors connected by an exuberant Art
Nouveau staircase situated along the end of a passageway. With
bronze griffins for newel posts and gilt swirling around initialed
medallions, the interior speaks of a bygone elegance.
One of the earliest structures made of reinforced concrete, a
material introduced during the American colonial period.
According to sources, the original three-story building was designed
by Andres Luna San Pedro. In the early 1930's it was bought by the
De Leon family from the Roxas family and a fourth floor commissioned
from architect Fernando Ocampo. The building is one of Manila's
architectural landmarks, and is an example of the Art Deco style.
The Luneta Hotel.
The only building in Manila with French Renaissance style windows
and balconies with cast-iron grills, has been attributed to Andres
Luna San Pedro at various times. But what is known is that it was
planned and owned by a Spanish architect-engineer, Salvador Farre,
who was also the designer and builder.
The Hong Kong Shanghai Bank Building.
September 22,1922, the acting Governor-General of the
Philippines, Charles Emmett Yeater, spoke at the dedication
of the Hong Kong Shanghai Bank's new building on Calle Juan
Luna and Callejon San Gabriel in Binondo. Standing on a
10,706 sq. meter lot with five storys of structural steel
encased in concrete; its treasury vaults had enclosing walls
of 40 inches, including armored walls 20 inches thick and
reinforced with two networks of twisted steel bars. The
ground floor ceiling was 23 ft high, and the upper floor's
ceiling six1een feet high. The architect was an American,
G.H. Hayward, as was the contractor, Oscar F. Campbell
Pangasinan Provincial Capitol.
The neo-classical provincial capitol of Pangasinan designed
by architect Ralph Harrington Duane, is probably the most
famous building dating back from the American colonial
period. Easily the most impressive public building in
the province, it involved meticulous city planning.
It formed the centerpiece of a grandiose plan that included
the provincial high school and the governor's mansion. It
was inaugurated in 1918. The Capitol was severely damaged
during the pre-landing bombardment of Lingayen Beach by the
American 7th Fleet in January 1945 and later restored.
most outstanding example of Art Deco architecture in
the country. Designed by Juan Arellano in 1931, it
stands in contrast to the neo-classical architecture
that typifies its adjacent buildings. The facade of
the Metropolitan Theater is festive and colorful. It
features stylized motifs typical of Art Deco
designs, but with a uniquely Filipino touch. These
Filipino motifs of tropical flowers and fruits
ornament the structure's grilles, stairways and wall
It has a proscenium-like entrance,
window-mural of colored glass. The 4-bay, six story
building is crowed by a pair of mansard roofs. On
the front, French
windows open to balconies with cast-iron grills. The
balconies are supported by consoles. Amorsolo murals
and plaques depicting the muses of Music, Tragedy,
Comedy and Poetry adorn the walls of the building.
Building) Philtrust Bank Building.
Built in 1914 by Samuel C. Rowell, the 6-story Uy-Chaco
Building on Plaza Cervantes is considered Manila's
first skyscraper. The design is rather electric.
However, its undulating balconies and iron grilles
mark it as belonging to the Art Nouveau style,
making it Manila's first and last building style.
The most striking feature of the building is the
projecting turret on its northeastern corner. The
rounded corner, emphasized by curving railings,
gives the building the appearance of a French
chateau. Rising from the eaves is a gabled roof with
round clocks instead of windows. The building also
features eight distinctly-designed bats, and
projecting balconies on the third, fourth and fifth,
Schools & Universities
Articles by Dr. Ngo Tiong Tak