Republic of the Philippines - Stamps & Postal History


RP Issues of 2005







2005, May 7.  Filipino Heritage Festival Month - Ancestral Homes

Litho Offset.  Amstar Company, Inc.  Perf. 14.

Se-tenant Blocks of Four, Miniature Sheets of 16;  Souvenir Sheets of  4



Se-tenant Blocks of Four  (50,000)


    6p  Ernesto dela Cruz Ancestral House

    6p  Limjoco House

    6p  Pelaez Ancestral House

    6p  Vergara House


Miniature Sheets of 16  (3,125)


Souvenir Sheets of 4  (10,000)

    6p  Gliceria Marella Villavicencio Ancestral House

    6p  Lasala-Guarin House

    6p  Claparols House

    6p  Ilagan Central House


Graphic Artist:  Richard Allen M. Baron

Design Coordinators:  Architect Ramon G. Orlina, Ms. Bambi Harper


Design: Bahay-na-Bato photos provided by Arch Maria Cristina Turalba, Executive Director of United Architects of the Philippines, Center for Filipino Architecture (UAP-CFA).


First Day Covers:  Manila


ERNESTO DELA CRUZ ANCESTRAL HOUSE - Mabalacat, Pampanga, Late 1800's. The grand house is a two-story structure with a wooden upper floor and stone/concrete ground floor. The structure is supported by massive square columns and adobe arches. The massiveness of the house is softened by sliding louvered windows with the traditional ventanillas. The continuous 'media agua' below the roof enhances the elegant composition of the house. An unusual feature of this house is the interesting hip roof system enhanced by several dormers.

LIMJOCO HOUSE - Candaba, Pampanga. Date of construction, 1890's. The Limjoco House is a two story 'bahay-na-bato'. The ground floor with walls of adobe stone is straight forward in design with minimal ornamentations. The upper floor exterior wall is tastefully punctured with sliding capiz windows with decorated wood panels. The ventanillas complete the uncluttered design of the house. As additional protection from the rains for the upper floor windows, a continuous 'media agua' was installed supported by curved rods. The house is still in good condition.

PELAEZ ANCESTRAL HOUSE - Medina, Misamis Oriental. Another variation of the 'bahay-na-bato' is this two story house constructed of wood and concrete at the ground floor. The graceful proportion and tasteful details contribute to the quality aesthetics of the house. The second floor has the traditional sliding capiz windows with ventanillas. Above the windows is a series of transoms with traceries. The design is basically square in plan, broken only by the central portion of the facade on the second floor which juts out over the main entry. This structure is the ancestral house of former vice-president, senator and ambassador Emmanuel Pelaez.

VERGARA HOUSE - Guagua, Pampanga, late 1700's. This diminutive 'bahay-na-bato' of fine proportion features a lower level enclosed with thick walls of adobe blocks. The interior is a showcase of quality craftsmanship on wood carvings evident in the clerestory, transoms, wood frets and religious engraving on the columns. One of the original owners, Quintin Delos Santos, was known as Huwes de Ganados'. The place was known as Pueblo de Betis.

GLICERIA MARELLA VILLAVICENCIO ANCESTRAL HOUSE - Taal, Batangas,1880. This type of house is more open sometimes with an exterior stairway entering into an ornate balcony. It has more decorations on the facade. The media agua is a permanent awning to protect the windows from the elements.

LASALA-GUARIN HOUSE - Juban, Sorsogon, 1914. This house is a 'bahay na bato'type structure, enclosed with adobe stone on the ground floor and wood panels on the second floor. The house is strategically situated on the corner of a main road  junction. It features a continuous 'media agua" supported by wooden poles, protecting the large window openings of the second floor. The ground floor is divided into three segments with three double panel doors. On the second floor above each door are four-panel sliding capiz windows with persianas and with ventanilla's underneath. Between these persianas which are flanked by another set of wood panels embellished with a cross shaped design. Before World War II it was used as a school. During the war it became a temporary residence of Japanese soldiers in the area. After the war it became popular venue for social events such as parties and dances.

CLAPAROLS HOUSE - Talisa City, Negros Occidental, Early 1900's. Large and Symmetrical, the Claparols house is typical of the hacienda houses of the sugar barons of the colonial period. The tall houses overlook the entire hacienda. The brick and stone ground floor is simple. The wood panel walls on the second floor is punctuated with French windows on all sides. These opened to a wrap-around balcony. A continuous "media-agua", provides additional protection for the second floor. The house was one of the most prominent structures at the peak of the sugar industry. The original Filipino owner was General Aniceto Locsin, the President of the First Republic of Negros, and was one of the leaders of the revolution against Spain.

ILAGAN ANCESTRAL HOUSE - Taal, Batangas, 1870.  It is a good example of a geometric style of the Filipino Hispanic house  because there are hardly any decoration on the facade.  The house relies mainly on the structural elements for its beauty.  Capiz windows with diamond and square patters cover the entire upper facade.  The ground floor is bare and makes a good contrast.  The interior has gold leaf neo-gothic arches and the decorations on the ceiling were made by Japanese artisans.




  • Architecture


Articles by Dr. Ngo TiongTak


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Issues of 2005