Se-tenant Blocks of Four (50,000)
6p Ernesto dela
Cruz Ancestral House
6p Limjoco House
6p Pelaez Ancestral
6p Vergara House
Miniature Sheets of 16 (3,125)
Souvenir Sheets of 4 (10,000)
6p Gliceria Marella
Villavicencio Ancestral House
6p Claparols House
6p Ilagan Central
Graphic Artist: Richard Allen M. Baron
Architect Ramon G. Orlina, Ms. Bambi Harper
Design: Bahay-na-Bato photos provided by Arch Maria Cristina
Turalba, Executive Director of United Architects of the Philippines,
Center for Filipino Architecture (UAP-CFA).
First Day Covers: Manila
CRUZ ANCESTRAL HOUSE - Mabalacat, Pampanga, Late 1800's.
The grand house is a two-story structure with a wooden upper floor
and stone/concrete ground floor. The structure is supported by
massive square columns and adobe arches. The massiveness of the
house is softened by sliding louvered windows with the traditional
ventanillas. The continuous 'media agua' below the roof enhances the
elegant composition of the house. An unusual feature of this house
is the interesting hip roof system enhanced by several dormers.
LIMJOCO HOUSE - Candaba, Pampanga. Date of construction,
1890's. The Limjoco House is a two story 'bahay-na-bato'. The ground
floor with walls of adobe stone is straight forward in design with
minimal ornamentations. The upper floor exterior wall is tastefully
punctured with sliding capiz windows with decorated wood panels. The
ventanillas complete the uncluttered design of the house. As
additional protection from the rains for the upper floor windows, a
continuous 'media agua' was installed supported by curved rods. The
house is still in good condition.
PELAEZ ANCESTRAL HOUSE - Medina, Misamis Oriental. Another
variation of the 'bahay-na-bato' is this two story house constructed
of wood and concrete at the ground floor. The graceful proportion
and tasteful details contribute to the quality aesthetics of the
house. The second floor has the traditional sliding capiz windows
with ventanillas. Above the windows is a series of transoms with
traceries. The design is basically square in plan, broken only by
the central portion of the facade on the second floor which juts out
over the main entry. This structure is the ancestral house of former
vice-president, senator and ambassador Emmanuel Pelaez.
VERGARA HOUSE - Guagua, Pampanga, late 1700's. This
diminutive 'bahay-na-bato' of fine proportion features a lower level
enclosed with thick walls of adobe blocks. The interior is a
showcase of quality craftsmanship on wood carvings evident in the
clerestory, transoms, wood frets and religious engraving on the
columns. One of the original owners, Quintin Delos Santos, was known
as Huwes de Ganados'. The place was known as Pueblo de Betis.
GLICERIA MARELLA VILLAVICENCIO ANCESTRAL HOUSE - Taal,
Batangas,1880. This type of house is more open sometimes with an
exterior stairway entering into an ornate balcony. It has more
decorations on the facade. The media agua is a permanent awning to
protect the windows from the elements.
LASALA-GUARIN HOUSE - Juban, Sorsogon, 1914. This house is
a 'bahay na bato'type structure, enclosed with adobe stone on the
ground floor and wood panels on the second floor. The house is
strategically situated on the corner of a main road junction.
It features a continuous 'media agua" supported by wooden poles,
protecting the large window openings of the second floor. The ground
floor is divided into three segments with three double panel doors.
On the second floor above each door are four-panel sliding capiz
windows with persianas and with ventanilla's underneath. Between
these persianas which are flanked by another set of wood panels
embellished with a cross shaped design. Before World War II it was
used as a school. During the war it became a temporary residence of
Japanese soldiers in the area. After the war it became popular venue
for social events such as parties and dances.
- Talisa City, Negros Occidental, Early
1900's. Large and Symmetrical, the Claparols house is typical of the
hacienda houses of the sugar barons of the colonial period. The tall
houses overlook the entire hacienda. The brick and stone ground
floor is simple. The wood panel walls on the second floor is
punctuated with French windows on all sides. These opened to a
wrap-around balcony. A continuous "media-agua", provides additional
protection for the second floor. The house was one of the most
prominent structures at the peak of the sugar industry. The original
Filipino owner was General Aniceto Locsin, the President of the
First Republic of Negros, and was one of the leaders of the
revolution against Spain.
ILAGAN ANCESTRAL HOUSE - Taal, Batangas, 1870.
It is a good example of a geometric style of the Filipino Hispanic
house because there are hardly any decoration on the facade.
The house relies mainly on the structural elements for its beauty.
Capiz windows with diamond and square patters cover the entire upper
facade. The ground floor is bare and makes a good contrast.
The interior has gold leaf neo-gothic arches and the decorations on
the ceiling were made by Japanese artisans.