of Roque B. Ablan, Philippine Flag - Singles (71,000)
Miniature Sheets of 8 (4,500)
Designer: Felix Bautista
Project Coordinator: National
The portrait of Roque B. Ablan under
a Philippine flag symbolizes his dedication and patriotic service in
war and peace. The coast depicted here is Saddle Rock, Mayra-ira
Point which was used as a reference point of the US navy submarine
USS Stingray. The submarine was dispatched in August 1944 to contact
the guerrilla group led by Ablan.
First Day Covers: Manila & Laoag
Outstanding public servant and World War II
hero, Roque Ablan was born on 09 August 1906 in Laoag, Ilocos Norte
to Victor Ablan and Raymunda Blanco. He obtained his Bachelor of
Philosophy degree in 1929 and Bachelor of Laws degree in 1930 from
the University of the Philippines. That same year, he took the bar
examinations, placing 9"' among the successful examinees.
As a young lawyer, Ablan
dedicated himself to helping the poor. In 1937 at age 31 he was
elected governor of Ilocos Norte making him the youngest provincial
executive of his time. The establishment of Ilocos Norte Provincial
Hospital and the Philippine Normal School in Laoag were among his
outstanding achievements. He also caused the beautification of the
provincial capital, the revival of rural credit associations, and
the organization of producers' cooperatives. Admired by the people,
he was re-elected in 1941.
When World War II broke out,
Ablan refused to cooperate with the Japanese. He left the provincial
capitol in Laoag and transferred the seat of government to a remote
barrio near the boundary of Ilocos Norte and Apayao. He contacted
and enlisted the support of government officials, prominent
citizens, and trainees and organized a guerrilla unit. In
mid-January 1942, together with Lt. Feliciano Madamba, he organized
the Ablan-Madamba Guerrilla Group of Northern Luzon. This group was
involved in various skirmishes against the Japanese among them was a
successful ambush of Japanese forces at Pampanniki, Solsona on 08
group was recognized by General Douglas MacArthur's Southwest
Pacific Area Command which sent the submarine USS Stingray to
contact Ablan and deliver arms and supplies for his resistance
movement in August 1944.
The Ablan-Madamba guerrillas were a scourge of
the Japanese who urged him to surrender and collaborate with them.
Ablan was offered governorship of Ilocos Norte but he refused.
Ablan was last seen following the battle of
Bumitalag, Piddig on 5 February 1943. His heroic deeds have earned
for him an honored place in the country's history.