6p Filipinos in Hawaii, The Early
Years by Allen A. Moran -
22p Filipinos in Hawaii Today by Crisanto S.
Souvenir Sheets of 2 (10,000)
The winning entries of
the Hawaii Centennial Commemorative Stamps Design Competition are
depicted on the stamps:
First Place Winner, Student Category,
Allen A. Moran.
First Place Winner, Professional
Category, Crisanto S. Umali.
The Second Place
and the Third
winning designs for both categories are
used as cachets for the two Official First Day Covers
First Day Covers: Manila
THE FILIPINO LEGACY IN HAWAII
It was in December 20,
1906 that the ship Doric docked at Honolulu, carrying fifteen
Filipinos (one of whom brought along his fighting cock) along with a
handful of Chinese, Japanese and Sikhs. Eleven of the Filipinos were
single, four were married. The oldest was fifty-six and the youngest
was fourteen. All of them originated from the coastal area of Candon
in Ilocos Sur. Little did these men know that they were making
history by being the first group of Filipinos to settle in Hawaii,
part of what became the first wave of Filipino migration to the
United States of America.
Five of these men belonged
to one family, headed by Simplicio Gironella with his four sons
(Mariano, Vicente, Francisco and Antonio). The group also included
two sets of brothers (Mauricio and Celestino Cortez, and Prudencio
and Cecilio Sagun). The other six were Filomeno Rebollido, Marciano
Bello, Emiliano Dasulla, Apolonio Ramos, Martin de Jesus and Julian
Galmen. Francisco Gironella spoke fluent English and acted as
interpreter for the group. All were eventually sent to live in the
main Japanese camp at the Olaa Plantation in Big Island, Hawaii,
located five miles south of Hilo.
Two months afterward, the
second group of recruits from the Philippines numbering thirty
people with two women and two children arrived on February 25, 1907.
The third batch of recruits arrived on July 19, 1907 with
forty-three of them, including eight women and eight children. This
migration continued on, and was followed by major waves of migration
that also brought Filipinos to other parts of the U.S.
Today, the United States of America hosts more
than 2.7 million Filipinos, nearly 276,000 of whom reside in Hawaii.
At present, Filipinos in Hawaii account for 24% of Hawaii's
population. They have made permanent mark in the state's political,
economic and cultural life. Whereas, Filipinos first came to Hawaii
as plantation workers and indentured laborers, Filipinos in Hawaii
today are successful professionals, and prominent citizens in
business, government, politics, academe and the arts.