25p Luna, La Union
25p Panglao, Bohol
25p Oslob, Cebu
25p Narvacan, Ilocos Sur
Miniature Sheets of Eight (2
Se-tenant B/4) (11,200)
100p Souvenir Sheets of Four (5,000)
25p Boljoon, Cebu
25p Bantay, Ilocos Sur
25p Sambuan, Cebu
25p Tabaco, Albay
Layout Artist : Victorino Z. Serevo
First Day Covers: Manila
Phlpost Official FDC Envelopes
Privately Issued FDCs
WATCHTOWERS OF THE PHILIPPINES
Built over a period of three centuries, to
contain various enemies (Chinese, Dutch, English and raiders) the
defence net consisted of garrisoned forts, manned by a professional
army and sustained by funds from the crown and community
fortifications, consisting of watchtowers, fortress churches,
fortified towns, small forts and signal towers manned by a militia
drawn from the community and funded by community contributions.
These fortifications were complemented by barangayanes (armed native
vessels) which in the mid-19th century were replaced by steamboats
which acted as blockade along raiding routes. While acted clear
lines of defence can be traced along the Visayan, Mindanao and
Palawan coastline, for instance the choke point formed by the forts
at Calamianes and Iloilo, the gateway to Sulu Sea, these points were
not always well armed nor fully operational.
Luna, La Union - A deep groove
around the inner rim and quadrilateral notches suggest that the
tower was roofed. Circular brick watchtower, in fair condition.
Panglao,Bohol - Rising to four
and a half stories, the watchtower in Panglao Island, Bohol, is
reputedly the tallest coastal tower in the Philippines. The tapering
octagonal structure of cut limestone stands behind the ruins of an
old Baroque church, probably built by the Jesuits.
Oslob, Cebu - Moving south from
Caceres on encounters another of Fray Julian’s handiwork, the
octagonal watchtower of Oslob. Its rubble walls on which are propped
susod, a sieve net for catching bangus fry and other small fishes,
appears solid and in good condition. The fact is half the tower has
collapsed in the sea.
Narvacan, Ilocos Sur - The most
photographed watchtower in the Ilocos, the tower at Sulvec, near
Narvacan, has the silouhette of a rook. This brick and limestone
tower is approximately 6.5 meters in diameter and 7.0 meters in
height, smaller than most Ilocos towers.
Boljoon,Cebu - Augustinian,
late 1700s, Julian Bermejo OSA, church complex within fort,
quadrilateral masonry watch tower and blockhouse, some walls remain,
blockhouse used as bell tower, in good condition.Fray Julian
Bermejo’s defensive structures at close range. Separated from the
church by a narrow corridor, the unadorned bell tower of Boljoon,
Cebu looks out to the sea. From this tower (from anywhere in the
compound for that matter) can seen a watchtower high on the flanking
mountain. This was central relay station from which signals using
flags could warn communities of imminent danger.
Sur - 1790, watchtower, no remains of a stone watchtower in
the market, but a stone watchtower at Barrio Kuta is reported as
being demolished due to road expansion. The name means guard or
watchman, in many Philippine languages. Bantay town in Ilocos Sur
stands besides the Abra River which flows from the Cordillera to the
Luzon Sea. Through this waterway commerce between mountain and sea
was facilitated. It was also convenient passage for marauding
bands.Three arched windows of Fuerza de San Vicente, built in 1796,
overlook the Cebu Strait between Bohol and Cebu.
Serving both an ecclesiastical as well
as military function, the bell tower has a panoramic view of the
Abra River and the towns of San Vicente and Vigan.
Samboan, Cebu - Facing the
Tañon Strait and located on a promontory approached by a 157-step
stone stairway, popularly called Jacob’s ladder, the watchtower of
Samboan is probably the handiwork of Fr. Toribio Gerzon built
Jacob’s ladder in 1878. Samboan was under the secular clergy.
Tabaco,Albay - The Tabaco bell
tower emblazoned with liturgical and civil bas relieves serves a
reminder of Bicol’s once formidable defence based on watchtowers and