18p Saint Bartholomew, View of Catbalogan - Singles (101,000)
Designer: Ador L. Hurtado
Layout Artist: Rodine C. Teodoro
Design: Saint Bartholomew, View & Seal
of Catbalogan City
First Day Covers: Manila & Catbalogan City
City of Catbalogan -
Catbalogan City, is the capital
of Samar province, Philippines, with a population of 103,879 (2015
census). It is Samar's main commercial, trading, educational,
political and financial center. It is also an important and
major seaport serving inter-island vessels. Catbalogan City's
central geographical location in Eastern Visayas (Region 8) makes it
ideal as the gateway to the region's three Samar provinces. The city
is often referred to as "The Gateway to Samar Region."
Each region of the country has its
own patron saint, and their feast days are celebrated with gusto.
Catbalogan City's Patron Saint is St. Bartholomew, the Apostle, and
celebrates its city fiesta on August 24. Known in the Scriptures as
Nathaniel, St. Bartholomew was one of the twelve apostles of Christ
and a martyr of the Christian faith. He also witnessed the Ascension
of Jesus. Together with St. Jude, he introduced Christianity to
Armenia during the first century.
Catbalogan City was founded or settled
sometime in October 1596 by the priests of the Jesuit Order (Society
of Jesus) and became the cabecera (capital) of the whole island of
Samar. Friar Francisco de Otazo, S.J., who arrived in the
Philippines in 1596, founded the Catbalogan Mission and was thus the
first missionary to bring the Catholic faith to the people of
During the early days of Spanish
colonization of the Philippines in the 16th century, Samar was under
the jurisdiction of Cebu but later was declared a separate province.
In 1735, Samar and Leyte were united into one province with Carigara,
in Leyte, as the capital. The union, however, did not prove
satisfactory. In 1768, Catbalogan City became the provincial capital
when Samar separated from Leyte and became an independent province.
On January 27, 1900, the Americans
captured Catbalogan City during the Philippine-American
War (1899–1902). On June 17, 1902, a provincial civil government was
established on Samar Island by an act of the Philippine Commission
with Julio Llorente of Cebu as the first governor of Samar.
On May 24, 1942, during World War
II, Japanese Occupation Forces landed in Barrio Pangdan and occupied
the capital. On December 18, 1945, American and Filipino forces
liberated Catbalogan City from the Japanese.