Miniature Sheets of 16
Souvenir Sheets of Four (5,000)
Stamp Designer: Victorino Z. Serevo
Design Coordinator: Filipino Heritage
First Day Covers: Manila
National Heritage Month: Philippine Traditional
An instrumental form of music composed on a row of small,
horizontally-laid gongs that function melodically, accompanied by
larger, suspended gongs and drums. As part of the larger gong-chime
culture of Southeast Asia, kulintang music ensembles have been
playing for centuries in regions of the Eastern Malay
Archipelago—the Southern Philippines, Eastern Indonesia,
Eastern Malaysia, Brunei, and Timor.
Kulintang music is considered an ancient tradition that
predates the influences of Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, and the
West. In the Philippines, it represents the highest form of gong
music attained by Filipinos.
A Philippine two-stringed, fretted boat-lute. It is the only
stringed instrument among the Maguindanao people, and one of several
among other groups such as the Maranao and Manobo. It is four to six
feet long with nine frets made of hardened beeswax. The instrument
is carved out of solid soft wood such as that from
the jackfruit tree.
Common to all kudyapi instruments, a constant drone is played with
one string while the other, an octave above the drone, plays the
melody with a kebit or rattan pluck.
A single-headed Philippine drum, primarily used as a
supportive instrument in the kulintang ensemble. Among the five main
kulintang instruments, it is the only non-gong element of
the Maguindanao ensemble. The dabakan is frequently described as
either hour-glass, conical, tubular, or goblet in shape.
Normally, the dabakan is found having a length of more than
two feet and a diameter of more than a foot about the widest part of
the shell. The shell is carved from wood either out of the trunk of
a coconut tree or the wood of a jackfruit tree which is then
hollowed out throughout its body and stem. The drumhead that is
stretched over the shell is made out of either goatskin, carabao
skin, deer rawhide, or snake/lizard skin, with the last considered
by many dabakan practitioners as the best material to use. The main
use for the dabakan in Maguindanao and Maranao society is as a
supportive instrument in the kulintang ensemble, keeping the tempo
of the ensemble in check.
Indigenous to the cultures found in the mountain regions (the
Cordillera) of the northern Philippines. The gangsa of the northern
Philippines is a single hand-held smooth-surfaced gong with a narrow
rim. A set of gangsa,
which is played one gong per musician, consists of gangsa tuned to
different notes, depending on regional or local cultural
preferences. The number of gangsa in a set varies with availability,
and depends on the tradition of a particular ethnic group of the
Luzon Cordillera: Kalinga, Ifugao, Bontoc, etc.
On Souvenir Sheets:
Kudlong (Chordophone) – a two-stringed lute used by the Mansaka and
Mandaya. Frets are
located on the neck of the instrument.
Libbit (Membranophone) – a conical drum with a deer or goat skin
head used by the Ifugao and played with a gong during harvest time
under the rice granary.
Agung (Idiophone) – a larger, deep-rimmed gongs with sides that are
turned in, used in Southern Philippines.
Gabbang (Idiophone) – a bamboo xylophone found in Southern
Philippines among the Yakan, Sama, Tausug and Palawan.
It consists of bamboo keys at graduated lengths mouned on a
trapezoidal box. Number
of keys varies among the different ethnic groups ranging from 3-22.
Sulibao (Membranophone) – a longitudinal slightly barrel-shaped
hollowed out logs with deer skin heads on one end used by the Bontok
and Ibaloi. Played with
palms of two hands, the drums are combined with gongs and other
instruments to form different types of ensembles.