Republic of the Philippines - Stamps & Postal History

RP Issues of 2017











2017, December 13.  National Artists of the Philippines Birth Centennials

Litho Offset, Amstar Printing Company, Inc.,  Perf 14

Singles,  Sheets of  40



12p  Daisy Avellana  (Film & Theatre) - Singles  (50,000) 

12p  Leonor Orosa Goquinco  (Dance) - Singles  (50,000) 

12p  Nick Joaquin (Literature) - Singles  (50,000)

12p  Cesar Legaspi  (Visual Arts) - Singles  (50,000) 

12p  Jose Maceda (Music) - Singles  (50,000) 

12p  Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero (Theatre) - Singles  (50,000) 


Designer:  Victorino Z. Serevo



First Day Covers:  Manila






 Limited Edition - the only FDC known with all six stamps in one cover



National Artists of the Philippines Birth Centennials


DAISY AVELLANA – National Artist for Film & Theatre.  Daisy Avellana was a Filipino stage actress and theater director. Avellana was honored as a National Artist of the Philippines for Theater and Film in 1999. Avellana was born Daisy Hontiveros on January 26, 1917, in Capiz, Capiz.  She elevated legitimate theater and dramatic arts to a new level of excellence by staging and performing in breakthrough productions of classic Filipino and foreign plays and by encouraging the establishment of performing groups and the professionalization of Filipino theater. Together with her husband, National Artist Lamberto Avellana and other artists, she co-founded the Barangay Theatre Guild in 1939 which paved the way for the popularization of theatre and dramatic arts in the country, utilizing radio and television.

LEONOR OROSA GOQUINCO – National Artist for Dance.   Leonor Orosa-Goquingco was a Filipino national artist in creative dance. She could play the piano, draw, design scenery and costumes, sculpt, act, direct, dance and choreograph.  Dubbed the “Trailblazer”, “Mother of Philippine Theater Dance” and “Dean of Filipino Performing Arts Critics”, Leonor Orosa Goquingco, pioneer Filipino choreographer in balletic folkloric and Asian styles, produced for over 50 years highly original, first-of-a-kind choreographies, mostly to her own storylines. These include “TREND: Return to Native,” “In a Javanese Garden,” “Sports,” “VINTA!,” “In a Concentration Camp,” “The Magic Garden,” “The Clowns,” “Firebird,” “Noli Dance Suite,” “The Flagellant,” “The Creation…” Seen as her most ambitious work is the dance epic “Filipinescas: Philippine Life, Legend and Lore.” With it, Orosa brought native folk dance, mirroring Philippine culture from pagan to modern times, to its highest stage of development.

NICK JOAQUIN – National Artist for Literature.  Nicomedes Márquez Joaquín was a Filipino writer, historian and journalist, best known for his short stories and novels in the English language. Nick Joaquin, is regarded by many as the most distinguished Filipino writer in English writing so variedly and so well about so many aspects of the Filipino. Nick Joaquin has also enriched the English language with critics coining “Joaquinesque” to describe his baroque Spanish-flavored English or his reinventions of English based on Filipinisms. Aside from his handling of language, Bienvenido Lumbera writes that Nick Joaquin’s significance in Philippine literature involves his exploration of the Philippine colonial past under Spain and his probing into the psychology of social changes as seen by the young, as exemplified in stories such as Doña Jeronima, Candido’s Apocalypse and The Order of Melchizedek. Nick Joaquin has written plays, novels, poems, short stories and essays including reportage and journalism. As a journalist, Nick Joaquin uses the nome de guerre Quijano de Manila.

CESAR LEGASPI – National Artist for Visual Arts.  Cesar Torrente Legaspi is a Filipino National Artist in painting. He was also an art director prior to going full-time in his visual art practice in the 1960s.  A pioneer “Neo-Realist” of the country, Cesar Legaspi is remembered for his singular achievement of refining cubism in the Philippine context. Legaspi belonged to the so-called “Thirteen Moderns” and later, the “Neo-realists”. His distinctive style and daring themes contributed significantly to the advent and eventual acceptance of modern art in the Philippines. Legaspi made use of the geometric fragmentation technique, weaving social comment and juxtaposing the mythical and modern into his overlapping, interacting forms with disturbing power and intensity.

JOSE MACEDA – National Artist for Music.  Jose Maceda, composer, musicologist, teacher and performer, explored the musicality of the Filipino deeply. Maceda embarked on a life-long dedication to the understanding and popularization of Filipino traditional music. Maceda’s researches and fieldwork have resulted in the collection of an immense number of recorded music taken from the remotest mountain villages and farthest island communities. He wrote papers that enlightened scholars, both Filipino and foreign, about the nature of Philippine traditional and ethnic music. Maceda’s experimentation also freed Filipino musical expression from a strictly Eurocentric mold.  Usually performed as a communal ritual, his compositions like Ugma-ugma (1963), Pagsamba (1968), and Udlot-udlot (1975), are monuments to his unflagging commitment to Philippine music.

WILFRIDO MA. GUERRERO – National Artist for Theatre.  Wilfrido Maria Guerrero was a Filipino playwright, director, teacher and theater artist. Guerrero wrote well over 100 plays, 41 of which have been published.  He was a teacher and theater artist whose 35 years of devoted professorship has produced the most sterling luminaries in Philippine performing arts today: Behn Cervantes, Celia Diaz-Laurel, Joy Virata, Joonee Gamboa, etc. In 1947, he was appointed as UP Dramatic Club director and served for 16 years. As founder and artistic director of the UP Mobile Theater, he pioneered the concept of theater campus tour and delivered no less than 2,500 performances in a span of 19 committed years of service. By bringing theatre to countryside, Guerrero made it possible for students and audiences in general to experience the basic grammar of staging and acting in familiar and friendly ways through his plays that humorously reflect the behavior of the Filipino.





  • Famous Filipinos

  • Art / Artists


Articles by Dr. Ngo Tiong Tak

Back to the Top


Issues of 2017