Republic of the Philippines - Stamps & Postal History

RP Issues of 2018

HOMEPAGE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018, June 12.  Indpendence Day, 120th Anniversary

Litho Offset, Amstar Printing Company, Inc.,  Perf 14

Singles, Sheets of 40

                 

 

12p  Red, White & Blue Kalayaan -  Singles  (50,000)

 

 

Designer:  Rodine Teodoro

 

First Day Covers:  Manila

  

                

 


INDEPENDENCE DAY 2018

Philippine Independence was proclaimed on June 12, 1898 between four and five in the afternoon in Cavite at the ancestral home of General Emilio Aguinaldo some 30 kilometers South of Manila. The event saw the unfurling of the National Flag of the Philippines, made in Hong Kong by Marcela Agoncillo, Lorenza Agoncillo, and Delfina Herboza, and the performance of the Marcha Filipina Magdalo, as the national anthem, now known as Lupang Hinirang, which was composed by Julián Felipe and played by the San Francisco de Malabon marching band.

The Act of the Declaration of Independence was prepared, written, and read by Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista in Spanish. The Declaration was signed by 98 people, among them American army officer who witnessed the proclamation. The final paragraph states that there was a "stranger" (foreigner) who attended the proceedings, Mr. L. M. Johnson, described as "a citizen of the U.S.A, a Colonel of Artillery".  Despite his prior military experience, Johnson had no official role in the Philippines. The proclamation of Philippine independence was, however, promulgated on 1 August, when many towns had already been organized under the rules laid down by the Dictatorial Government of General Aguinaldo.

Later at Malolos, Bulacan, the Malolos Congress modified the declaration upon the insistence of Apolinario Mabini who objected to that the original proclamation essentially placed the Philippines under the protection of the United States.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippine_Declaration_of_Independence

 

 

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Articles by Dr. Ngo Tiong Tak

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Issues of 2018