2018, June 12. Independence Day, 120th Anniversary
Litho Offset, Amstar Printing Company, Inc.,
Singles, Sheets of 40
12p Red, White & Blue Kalayaan - Singles
Designer: Rodine Teodoro
First Day Covers: Manila
INDEPENDENCE DAY 2018
Philippine Independence was proclaimed on June 12, 1898 between four
and five in the afternoon in Cavite at the ancestral home of
General Emilio Aguinaldo some 30 kilometers South of Manila. The
event saw the unfurling of the National Flag of the Philippines,
made in Hong Kong by Marcela Agoncillo, Lorenza Agoncillo, and
Delfina Herboza, and the performance of the Marcha Filipina Magdalo,
as the national anthem, now known as Lupang Hinirang, which was
composed by Julián Felipe and played by the San Francisco de
Malabon marching band.
The Act of the Declaration of Independence was prepared, written,
and read by Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista in Spanish. The Declaration
was signed by 98 people, among them American army officer who
witnessed the proclamation. The final paragraph states that there
was a "stranger" (foreigner) who attended the proceedings, Mr. L. M.
Johnson, described as "a citizen of the U.S.A, a Colonel of
Artillery". Despite his prior military experience, Johnson had no
official role in the Philippines. The proclamation of Philippine
independence was, however, promulgated on 1 August, when many towns
had already been organized under the rules laid down by
the Dictatorial Government of General Aguinaldo.
Later at Malolos, Bulacan, the Malolos Congress modified the
declaration upon the insistence of Apolinario Mabini who objected to
that the original proclamation essentially placed the Philippines
under the protection of the United States.