12p Cebu Provincial Capitol Building -
Graphic Artist: Irma Jane C. Junio
Photos Provided by: Provincial Government
First Day Covers:
Manila & Cebu City
PROVINCE OF CEBU (1569 –
2019) – 450th ANNIVERSARY
Cebu Province celebrates its founding anniversary every August 6th,
recalling the order of King Philip II dated August 6, 1569
conferring upon the Spanish conquistador, Miguel Lopez de Legazpi,
the title Governor of the Island of Cebu. On 16 January 1571,
Legazpi declared the city of Cab, (then called the Gudro' do!
SantJsimo Nomdre de Jesus) as the capital (cabecera) of the
In the decades that followed, the province began to take shape
through the apportionment of native settlements into encomiendes or
land grants to loyal Spanish military officers while pioneering
Augustinian missionaries endeavored to spread Christianity.
The mission stations they
established in turn gave birth to the first towns of Cebu.
The Cebu Capitol was declared by the National Historical Commission
of the Philippines as a National Historical Landmark in 2009. Today
the first woman Governor of Cebu, Gov. Gwendolyn F. Garcia, now on
her fourth and unprecedented gubernatorial term, holds office at
this same venerable edifice as the province marks its 450" year not
only as the country's oldest but also its premier province.
Cebu grows coconut, sugercane, abaca, bananas, tobacco and
rootcrops, but the main agricultural product grown is corn. The
province is also popular for its grapes, mangoes, and cut flowers.
The island is rich in mineral resources. One of the biggest copper
mines in Asia is in Toledo City. Other deposits include gold,
silver, iron and coal.
Industries include the production of cement, fertilizer, paper,
coconut oil and beer. The MEPZ (Mactan Economic Processing Zone)
industrial park is the site of big foreign as well as local
companies. Handicrafts made of bamboo, wood, and shells can also be
Outside Metro Manila, Metro Cebu is considered as the largest and
most progressive urban center in the country.