2004, August 20. Miguel Lopez de Legazpi - 500th Birth
Founder, City of Manila
Amstar Company, Inc., Perf. 14.
Singles, Sheets of 50
"SANDUGO" ("Blood Compact") by Carlos V. Francisco, 1938 - Singles
Augusto V. de Viana
Designs: For the stamp:
Painting by Carlos V. Francisco:
"SANDUGO", 1938; FDC Cachet:
"Blood Compact", 1997
First Day Covers: Manila
Miguel Lopez de Lergazpi, Founder of City of Manila - 500th Birth
Zumarraga, Guipuzcoa, Spain around 500 years ago, Miguel Lopez de
Legazpi went to Mexico in 1545 where he became clerk of the Cabildo
or municipal government. He was appointed in 1561 to lead an
expedition to discover the islands of the West called Islas Poniente.
He formally colonized the Marianas and the Philippines in 1565 and
established a settlement in Cebu, which was first named as the Villa
del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus.
He founded the city of Manila in 1571. Upon
arriving in the Philippines, Legazpi initiated pacts of friendship
between native chiefs, the most famous of which was the blood
compact with Sikatuna in March 1565. The treaties assured peaceful
relationships between the Spaniards and the natives which greatly
facilitated Spanish settlement in the Philippines. During the same
year, Legazpi dispatched the first vessel which sailed across the
Pacific back to Mexico. The vessel, the San edro, blazed the route
of the Manila galleons which carried trade between Spain and Asia
for the next 250 years. The first Spanish overnor General of the
Philippines, Legazpi died in Manila on August 20, 1572. His mortal
remains lie inside the San Agustin Church in Intramuros, Manila.